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  • September 17, 2021
  • 5 min read

Let me start by saying that there’s nothing similar to UPSC Examination instead, there is an organization called Union Public Service Commission abbreviated as UPSC is a body that conducts various tests such as…

  • UPSC CSE (Civil Services Exam): This is most popular one also termed as (IAS Coaching)
  • UPSC CDS (Combined Defence Services) This test is conducted for officers who are looking to recruit in the Indian Military, Navy and Airforce and other organizations.

What do we know what is UPSC?

(UPSC) Union Public Service Commission is the top recruitment agency in India that is accountable for conducting various examinations for the appointment for the All-India Administrative Services of Group A and Group B. UPSC recruits’ candidates for both civil service and defence services.

What is then civil service exam?

It’s one of the most difficult exams in the country, however don’t fret, if have the correct and precise plan, then you can pass the test and make your dreams come true!!

While CSE is a popular test for recruiting candidates for around 24 top government agencies such as IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS etc, but still, it is widely referred to as the ‘IAS exam’.

How is the exam conducted?

UPSC Journey is a one-year race, with the test is conducted in three phases PRELIMINARY, MAINS, and INTERVIEW The entire cycle can take approximately 10-12 months (usually between June month of the year to the month of June next year, when the results will be declared) to complete.

Let’s dive into little depth…….


Exam Preliminary comprises two papers that are compulsory, each with 200 marks. The questions on both papers are of a multi-choice objective.

General Studies Paper-I

  • It comprises 100 questions covering the following subjects, and carrying up to 200 marks to be answered in two hours.

General Studies Paper-II/ CSAT

  • It is comprised of 80 questions from the following topics, carrying the maximum mark of 200 to be answered in two hours.

The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam is a qualifying exam with the minimum qualifying marks set at 33 percent.

The marks from the initial examination aren’t used to determine the final rank however, it’s just qualifying and will help you proceed to the next level.

Stage 2 Examining MAINS

The Main exam for the UPSC was designed in order to measure the level of understanding of the applicants, rather than the quantity of their knowledge and memory.

The format and nature of the questions on General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) are such that an educated individual is able to solve them without the need for specialized research.

Civil Services Main Examination consists of the following exams, which are split into 2 categories: qualifying papers and papers to be considered to determine excellence.

Paper Subject Duration All Marks Nature of Paper
Paper A Obligatory Indian language 3:00 hours 300 Qualifying
Paper B English 3:00 hours 300 Qualifying
Paper I Essay 3:00 hours 250 Merit
Paper II General Studies I 3:00 hours 250 Merit
Paper III General Studies II 3:00 hours 250 Merit
Paper IV General Studies III 3:00 hours 250 Merit
Paper V General Studies IV 3:00 hours 250 Merit
Paper VI Optional I 3:00 hours 250 Merit
Paper VIII Optional II 3:00 hours 250 Merit

Examiner’s Syllabus for UPSC Main Exam Papers

The written exam comprises of the following questions:

Qualification Papers

Paper-A 300 Marks

  • The one of Indian Language to be selected by the applicant from among the Languages listed on the eighteenth Schedule of the Constitution.

Paper-B 300 Marks

  • English

The papers to be weighed in order to judge their merits:

Paper-I 250 Marks

  • Essay: Candidates might be asked to compose essays about a variety of subjects.

Paper-II: General Studies-I: 250 Marks

  • Indian Heritage and Culture, Geography and History of the World and Society.

Paper-III: General Studies -II: 250 Marks

  • Governance Constitution Polity and Social Justice and international relations

Paper-IV: General Studies -III: 250 Marks

  • Technology and Economic Development Bio-diversity Environment, Disaster Management and Security.

Paper-V: General Studies -IV: 250 Marks

  • Ethics Integrity, Integrity and Aptitude This paper will have questions that will test the candidates’ attitudes and attitude to issues related to integrity, honesty and public life, and his solution-oriented approach to the various problems and conflicts that he has to face when dealing with society.

Paper-VI and VII (Optional Subjects)

The list of subjects that are optional for Main Examination:

(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) (xiii)

(xiii) Law

(xiv) (xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematical

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxvi) Literature in any or more of these languages

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Nepali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Punjabi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Santhali, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Odia, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.


  • After passing the previous two phases, the candidate is into the third stage of the examination …….
  • This test not only evaluates the intellectual abilities, but also the social qualities and the interest of applicants in relation to the present events. The qualities to be evaluated include cognitive alertness, critical abilities of assimilation clear and logical explanation and balance of judgment diversity and depth of interest, capacity to lead and cohesion in society as well as moral and intellectual integrity.
  • Candidates are able to give interviews in their preferred languages in the event that UPSC will provide the translators.

Good Luck! ….!!! !