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October 2, 2023

Water Valves: Types used in Home Plumbing

  • June 24, 2022
  • 3 min read
Water Valves: Types used in Home Plumbing

Most water valves are designed to stop water from flowing through pipes totally or partially. Water valves are available in various styles, depending on their intended usage. This might be as basic as a faucet valve that shuts off the water flow, or it can be more complex, such as a butterfly valve built on big-diameter pipes that aren’t frequently used in home construction. While you buy valves for your home, various things have to be kept in mind-

Gate valves

Gate valves are one of the most widely utilised water valves in commercial and residential plumbing. Since then, gate valves have been employed as primary shutoff valves, isolating valves, heated water tank valves, and other applications. When the circular handle on a gate valve is slowly rotated, the internal gate can be lowered to reduce or stop the flow of water.

Instead of just flipping between open and closed positions, users can control water flow rate  with various water valves. Gate valves are appropriate for homes with repeated water hammer problems because they include a regulated opening and shutting mechanism.

Globe valves

Globe valves aren’t typically found on 1/2-inch or 3/4-inch water lines, but they’re a great alternative for water lines with a diameter of 1 inch or more. Because of their hefty internal structure, these valves are often larger than gate valves. They have an internal horizontal baffle with an entrance that can be partially or wholly closed by a plug that is elevated or dropped by turning the valve’s circular handle.

Globe valves, like gate valves, are an excellent choice if the user wants to control the flow of water precisely. The plug may be carefully lowered or raised, making it easier to avoid water hammering in homes where this is common.

Butterfly valves

The rotating disc housed within the butterfly form of the valve gives it its name. This disc resembles a butterfly with a thick centre containing the valve stem and thin fins or wings on either side. When the control lever is turned, the disc rotates, allowing the water flow through the valve to be wholly or partially restricted.

These valves are often found on water pipes with a diameter of 3 inches or greater, thus, they’re uncommon in home plumbing.  Because of their size and style, these valves are more expensive than typical home valves.

Butterfly valves are suitable for commercial, municipal, and industrial plumbing due to their massive size. They are rarely used in typical home applications.

Supply stop valves

A supply stop valve is a type of valve that is also known as a supply inlet or exit valve. They’re compatible with restrooms, basins, dishwashers, and washers. Furthermore, because these valves come in various forms, such as straight, angled, compression, and quarter-turn, the user must choose the best supply stop valve for the piping design.

Such valves are visible on the toilet water supply line and are used to turn off the water supply to certain plumbing fixtures and fittings. It’s much easier to do repairs and maintenance when you utilise reliable supply stop-valves to separate plumbing equipment and fixtures throughout the house.


When it comes to residential plumbing, it is important to buy valves that prevent your home from flooding and water damage can cost a lot of money in the long run. It is better to make sure that you make the right choice for your home.